Exam 1 Study Guide
RUSS 3305/ML&L 3340 Exam 1
September 27, 2017
Bring a blue book, write in pen
No materials (notes, books) will be permitted
• You will choose one of the topics listed for each author and write an essay. This means you will write three essays in all, one per author.
• You will not summarize the story. You will frame your essay as a hypothesis supported by evidence in the form of passages in the novel. You will include as many details as you can.
Wrong. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a story about a girl from Kansas named Dorothy. During a tornado she and her dog Toto are lifted up off the ground and transported to a land called Oz. In Oz Dorothy meets a woodsman made out of tin, a scarecrow made out of straw, and a cowardly lion. The Tin Man, the Scarecrow and the Cowardly Lion decide to go with Dorothy to the capital city of Oz to meet the ruler, who is known as the Wizard, so he can help Dorothy and Toto get back to Kansas.
Right: The Wonderful Wizard if Oz is an allegory. The characters, places, and events in the story represent elements of American political life ca. 1900. The Scarecrow is the smartest character in the story, helping Dorothy to achieve her objectives, and yet he believes himself to be unintelligent. He represents American agriculture. This is evident from the fact that he is made of straw (a common item on farms ca. 1900) and dresses like a farmer (straw hat, overalls). Baum is saying that American agricultural workers are an important social and economic force in America. They should assert their rights and reject portrayals of themselves as stupid.
Lermontov: A Hero of Our Time
1. Pechorin's "heroic" behavior, how he justifies it, and what Lermontov is saying about such behavior.
2. The novel as a commentary on Russian policy in the Caucasus and treatment of the people there.
3. Nature passage as symbols or metaphors.
Dostoyevsky: The Gambler
1. Alexis (aka Alexei) as a representative of the dilemma faced by modern (1860s) Russia and youth in particular.
2. The novel as an illustration of the addiction model as applied to various types of human behavior.
3. Roulettenberg and the Russians there as a microcosm/allegory of Russia
Turgenev: Fathers and Children
1. The characters' political solutions to Russia's perceived problems, and Turgenev's view of these solutions.
2. Turgenev's take on the eternal conflict between generations.
3. Turgenev's descriptions of people and places to define the characters and illustrate the novel's themes.
4. The role of women in the novel.
posted at 14:35 U.S. Central Time Zone on Tuesday 26 September 2017
by Dr. Bruce Holl